God’s Covenant with David

Steve With – August 12, 2018

Intro: Covenant Confidence

“Is it not my family God has chosen?  Yes, he has made an    everlasting Covenant with me.” – David (2 Samuel 23:5)

Note:  The reason God’s Covenants with Noah, Abraham, Moses, and David ought to increase the joy of our faith is that in all of them the main point is that God exerts all his knowledge and all his power to do good to his people, and we are that people if we follow Christ.

  • Heartfelt Confidence that the Sovereign God is working everything together for our good out of sheer grace affects every area of your life.
  • Deep Emotional Assurance that, even though we are sinners, God’s attention is focused on us with mercy is the day-to-day power to give us grace.

First, God’s Promises for David, 2 Samuel 7:8-11a

Second, God’s Gifts for the Future,  2 Samuel 7:11b–17

Third, Understanding the Davidic Covenant

Forth, Life Application

I. God’s Promises for David

From the Pasture to the People (2 Samuel 7:8-11a)

What follows is known as the Davidic Covenant that God gave to David through Nathan. The first three promises are to find realization during David’s lifetime as the Prelude to God’s Covenants for David.

1. A Great Name (vv8-9)

“Now go and say to my servant David, ‘This is what the Lord of Heaven’s Armies has declared: I took you from tending sheep in the pasture and selected you to be the leader of my people Israel.  I have been with you wherever you have gone, and I have destroyed all your enemies before your eyes. Now I will make your name as famous as anyone who has ever lived on the earth! “

  • Indeed, God gives David many rich blessings

2. A Secure Homeland (vv10-11a)

“And I will provide a homeland for my people Israel, planting them in

a secure place where they will never be disturbed. Evil nations won’t oppress them as they’ve done in the past, starting from the time I appointed judges to rule my people Israel.”

  • God has been with David his whole life walking with him and providing a place for Him.

3. Peace (v11b)

“And I will give you rest from all your enemies.”

  • Saul’s whole reign was spent in constant wars. David’s first few years are also consumed with war. But now David rises to power in     relative peace.
  • God has moved him from being a Shepherd to being the King.

Summary… I will be with you, I will destroy your enemies, I will make you famous, I will give you a home, I will give you a secure place and I will give you rest.

II. God’s Gifts for the Future

Blessings from the King (2 Samuel 7:11b-17)

The gifts above constitute a wonderful blessing that will be experienced by David and his people. But the next four promises talk about what God will grant David’s descendants — and these promises bring wonderful blessings to you and me, as we will see.

1. A Dynasty: Everlasting Throne and Kingdom (v11c)

“The Lord declares that he will make a house for you—a dynasty of kings!”

  • The term “house” in Hebrew has a double meaning — as it does in Greek and English. David uses it in a material sense, a physical “house” for the Lord — a temple. But God through Nathan uses the word in a figurative sense as dynasty, household, descendants — the House of David.

“If your descendants live as they should and follow me faithfully with all their heart and soul, one of them will always sit on the throne of Israel.” 1 Kings 2:4

2. An Everlasting Kingdom (v12-13)

“I will raise up one of your descendants, your own offspring, and I will make his kingdom strong. He is the one who will build a house—a temple—for my name. And I will secure his royal throne forever.”

  • Israel learned over the centuries following David & Solomon that disobedience by the King always brought the nation to ruin. But the godly among them knew one thing for sure: God had promised that the throne of David would be established forever (2 Sam 7:4)
  • Most dynasties don’t last more than a few centuries at the most. But this kingdom that God reveals will be eternal.

3. Favor of the Lord (vv14-16)

 14 I will be his father, and he will be my son. If he sins, I will correct and discipline him with the rod, like any father would do. 15 But my favor will not be taken from him as I took it from Saul, whom I removed from your sight. 16 Your house and your kingdom will continue before me for all time, and your throne will be secure forever.

III. Understanding the Davidic Covenant

“I will make an everlasting covenant with them”

I will put my instructions deep within them, and I will write them on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people

1. Everlasting Covenant: Jeremiah refers to the Lord’s Covenant…

“This is the new covenant I will make with the people of Israel after those days,” says the Lord. “I will put my instructions deep within them, and I will write them on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people… And I will make an everlasting covenant with them: I will never stop doing good for them. I will put a desire in their hearts to worship me, and they will never leave me.”               Jeremiah 31:33, 32:40

  • Jeremiah refers to the Lord’s “Covenant” with David. Indeed, the term covenant and related terms are used a number of times to describe the promises of God toward David and his descendants (1 Chronicles 7:18; 2 Chronicles 21:7; 2 Samuel 23:5; Psalm 89:3, 28, 34; Psalm 132:11-12; Isaiah 55:3; Jeremiah 13:14, 20-21; cf. Acts 2:30; 13:34).

2. Unconditional Covenant: Psalm 89:33-34

“I will never stop loving him nor fail to keep my promise to him. No, I

will not break my covenant; I will not take back a single word I said.”

? Clearly, the Mosaic Covenant is conditional; the blessings of the covenant only come through obedience.  But the Abrahamic and Davidic Covenants are different.

  • They are Unconditional Promises. If David’s descendants sin, they will be punished, but God’s promises won’t be terminated. God says there is promise that “is arranged and guaranteed in every detail.” 2 Samuel 23:5.
  • God had promised the throne of David would be established forever (2 Samuel 7:4)

“But I will never stop loving him nor fail to keep my promise to him. No, I will not break my covenant; I will not take back a single word I said.” God (Psalm 89:33-34)

3. Authentic Covenant: Psalm 89:3

  • The Bible Authors clearly saw this as an authentic covenant, sealed by God’s solemn oath to David:

“He was a prophet, and he knew God had promised with an oath that one of David’s own descendants would sit on his throne.” Acts 2:30

“The Lord said, ‘I have made a Covenant with David, my chosen servant.’” Psalm 89:3

“I have sworn an oath to David, and in my holiness I cannot lie: His dynasty will go on forever; his kingdom will endure as the sun.”    Psalm 89:35-36

IV. David’s Eternal Standing

“He will rule with fairness and justice from the throne of David for all eternity.”

1. Eternal Hope: He will be the Son of the God

  • They came to see that a son of David must be coming who would fulfill the conditions of the covenant, sit on David’s throne, and rule forever.
  • For this to last forever, God would to raise up a child who lives as a  Righteous, Obedient son of David who is true to his word.
  • John the Baptist’s father Zechariah prophesied about Jesus:

“He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High.
The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David,
and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever;
his kingdom will never end.” Luke 1:32-33

2. Eternal King: One was coming who was in the line of David 

“For the time is coming,”says the Lord, “when I will raise up a righteous descendant from King David’s line. He will be a King who rules with wisdom. He will do what is just and right throughout the land.  And this will be his name: ‘The Lord Is Our Righteousness.’  In that day Judah will be saved, and Israel will live in safety.”   Jeremiah 23:5-6

But it was Isaiah who saw the glory of the Son of David  more clearly than anyone:

“For a child is born to us, a son is given to us. The government will rest on his shoulders. And he will be called: Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. His government and its peace will never end. He will rule with fairness and justice from the throne of his ancestor David for all eternity.” Isaiah 9:6-7

3. Eternal Promise: David’s Covenant is Sure the certainty of the covenant with David lies ultimately in the fact that God himself will come as king and sit upon the throne.

  • When the angel Gabriel appeared to Mary in Luke 1:31–33, he said, “Behold, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son and you shall call his name Jesus. He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give to him the throne of his father David, and he will reign over the house of Jacob for ever, and of his kingdom there will be no end.” (ESV)
  • Therefore, beyond any shadow of a doubt the Bible teaches that the promise to David that his descendant would rule forever is fulfilled in Jesus Christ. As the Son of David (Romans 1:3) and the Lord of David (Matthew 22:45; Psalm 110:1) Jesus now reigns as king in heaven (1 Corinthians 15:25) over the true house of Israel.

V. The Standing for the Rest of Us

“I will confirm my covenant with you and your descendants after you, from generation to generation. This is the everlasting covenant: I will always be your God and the God of your descendants after you.” Genesis 17:7

Question: Are we Gentiles Excluded?  Is this only for the Jews?

Answer: Bible gives a resounding No! The reign of Jesus as Davidic king has a direct relevance for Us. “the rest of humanity might seek the Lord, including the Gentiles.” Acts 15:17

“‘Israel will possess what is left of Edom and all the nations I have called to be mine.’ The Lord has spoken, and he will do these things.” Amos 9:12

  1. Will David’s Kingdom Last?

“Your house and your kingdom will endure forever before me; your throne will be established forever.” 2 Samuel 7:16

  • When God has completed his plan, the house of David will be strong. And the subjects of the king will not just be Jews but people from every tongue, tribe and nation (Revelation 7:9)

2. How are We to Live in this Covenant?

  • Submit Ourselves to Jesus, the Son of David, who rules from heaven until he puts every enemy under his feet.
  • Announce the Good News to people in every neighborhood and every nation that they can be happy subjects of Christ’s kingdom forever if they transfer their allegiance from the kingdom of this world to the kingdom of Christ.

3. Let me finish with these powerful verses from Isaiah:

“Is anyone thirsty? Come and drink—even if you have no money!
Come, take your choice of wine or milk—it’s all free!  Why spend your money on food that does not give you strength?  Why pay for food that does you no good?  Listen to me, and you will eat what is good. You will enjoy the finest food.  Come to me with your ears wide open.  Listen, and you will find life.  I will make an everlasting covenant with you. I will give you all the unfailing love I promised to David.” Isaiah 55:1–3